Orchids are quite different from other household plants. There is misconception among people that they are difficult to grow, but generally orchids are extremely adaptable. Orchids make one of the most beautiful and popular indoor plants, especially, a moth orchid on your windowsill will make your room livelier and vivid. However, what makes many people hesitant to go for an orchid is the plant care. Though it might look tricky, with just a little extra care, you can make the exotic plant bloom alive, happy, beautiful, flourishing and produce blooms every year. Want to know how, then continue reading.
Tips To Keep Orchids In Your Garden Healthy And Beautiful:
Orchids love light, the more there is light, the happier the plant will be. However, no harsh, direct light, but indirect light is what the plant prefers. So, placing the plant in an east or south facing window would be ideal to enable it to grow healthy. Orchid leaves are the best indicators of how much light the plant is receiving. Bright olive-green leaves indicate sufficient light whereas dark green leaves indicate insufficient light and red tinge on leaves indicate too much light. In case, there are no windows to provide adequate lighting, you can cultivate them in artificial light too.
Watering the plants once in a week would be sufficient. In fact, spraying tepid water once in 15 days would be good. The plants love dryness between watering rather than overwatering. In fact, if you keep it in a water-logged pot then it might die, as lack of oxygen will make the roots suffocate and eventually they rot. Make sure there is proper drainage and run out facility in the pot.
Orchids do not need abundant fertilizers. However, to maintain the plant in a healthy condition and to see the beautiful blooms regularly, light fertilizer application, say all 20-liquid fertilizer, once in 10 days will be adequate. Every fourth week, use plain water to flush out excess salts if any. Dilute the fertilizer as recommended on the package. When the plants initiate flower buds, you can use blossom-booster fertilizer. Many of the orchids bloom during winter. The peak season for orchid blooms is usually from December to April.
4. Temperature And Humidity:
Orchids love warm temperatures and high humidity. Temperature range between 25 to 30 degrees and a humidity level of 60 to 70% would be ideal for the plant. Constant temperature fluctuation, temperature drop below 15 degrees and raise above 35 degrees would result in problems. If you feel maintaining such high humidity level indoors is difficult, give a light water spray once a while.
Cutting down spent blooms is necessary to make the plant grow new flower stems. Cutting down old stems close to the growing medium is always better to encourage the plant grow healthier stems. Again, check the plant every week to remove old leaves and dead roots so that the plant can utilize all the nutrients for producing new fresh leaves and stems.
Orchids do not need frequent repotting. Generally, the plant requires repotting once in a few years. However, when you see a lot of roots swarming out of the pot or when flowers are not blooming or when the bark chips in the pot start to decay and decompose, a repotting is necessary. When you do repotting, remove the plant carefully, clip off the brown, dead, soft roots, and add new, moist orchid soil to the pot.